In this post we shall discuss some important shortcuts Rules about Nouns which comes in handy while solving Banking and Other Competitive Exams papers.
Shortcut Rule 1 : If the subject is of the third person, singular number (He, She, It) add ‘S’ or ‘es / ies’ to the first form of the verb to make it singular number.
- She plays the violin every day.
- He loves his parents
- The dog barks at the people.
- The bird flies in the Sky.
- He does his duty. Anchor
Shortcut Rule 2 : The following verbs are not usually used in the continuous form. See / Smell / Feel / Hear / Notice / Recognize / See / Think / Agree / Believe / Consider / Remember / Hope / Understand / Mind / Suppose / Hate / Love / Know / Have / Want / Forgive / Keep / Prevent etc. But they may be used in continuous forms in a particular cases.
- He is having a telephone connection. ☓
- He has a telephone connection ✔
- The flower is smelling sweet ☓
- The flower smells sweet (you can say I am smelling this flower) ✔
- The manager is seeing your application (Seeing – Examining) ✔ (in particular situation)
Shortcut Rule 3 : The present perfect tense should not be used with adverbs indicating past time. Instead the simple past tense should be used.
- I have seen a film last night ☓
- I saw a film last night. ✔
- He has left for Hyderabad last week. ☓
- He left for Hyderabad last week. ✔
Shortcut Rule 4 : The present perfect tense with “For or Since” is used to express an action began at some time in the past and is still continuing upto the time of speaking or just finished.
- For …………………………period of time (for 2 days / for 10 days / for a long time)
- Since …………………………point of time. (Since 1996, Since morning, since yesterday, since last week)
- I know him since 1986 ☓
- I have know him since 1986 ✔
- Our teacher is sick for the last two days ☓
- Our teacher has been sick for the last two days. ✔
Shortcut Rule 5 : The present perfect continuous Tense” is also used for actions began in the past and are still continuing.
- I am reading this novel since morning. ☓
- I have been reading this novel since morning. ✔
- They are going to English classes for the last one month. ☓
- They have been going to English classes for the last one month. ✔
Shortcut Rule 6 : When the first action led to the second action immediately The simple Past Tense + Simple Past Tense are used.
- When he opened the gate, they came in. ✔
Shortcut Rule 7 : When the first action completed before the second one started, the Past Perfect Tense for the first finished action and the Simple Past Tense for the Second are used.
- The patient had died before the doctor arrived. ✔
Shortcut Rule 8 : After negative sentences, the question tag used should be in an ordinary interrogative form.
- She didn’t like that book, didn’t she? ☓
- She did not like that book, did she? ✔
- They have not told him the news, Haven’t they? ☓
- They have not told him the news, Have they? ✔
Shortcut Rule 9 : After Positive Statements, we use the negative interrogative.
- I am a student, Am I? ☓
- I am a student, Aren’t I? ✔
- Let’s play for some Time, Shall We? ✔
- He works hard, Does He? ☓
Shortcut Rule 10 : When the verb in the principal clause is in a past tense, the verbs in the subordinate clauses are normally in the Past Tense.
- He said that He will pass the examination. ☓
- He said that he would pass the examination. ✔
- They told me that they have paid the fees. ☓
- They told me that they had paid the fees. ✔
Shortcut Rule 11 : When the subordinate clause expresses a universal truth the past tense in the main clause may be followed by a Present Tense.
- He said that the sun rose in the East. ☓
- He said that the sun rises in the East. ✔
Shortcut Rule 12 : The Past Tense in the main clause may be followed by any tense after the conjunction “Than” in the subordinate clause.
- He worked faster than we do / did. ✔
Shortcut Rule 13 : In Conditional Sentences, to express improbability in the Present, the Simple Past Tense in the if clause and the Present AnchorConditional Tense in the main clause are used.
- If I am the Principal, I would Punish Him. ☓
- If I were the Principal, I would Punish Him. ✔
- If he is rich, he would buy a car. ☓
- If he were rich, He would buy a car. ✔
Shortcut Rule 14 : To express unfulfilled condition in the Past, we should express with “Past Perfect Tense” in the if clause and Perfect Conditional Tense in the Main Clause.
- If you worked hard, you would have passed in the examination. ☓
- If you had worked hard, you would have passed in the examination. ✔
Shortcut Rule 15 : For the interrogative sentences that begin with auxiliary verbs, “if or whether as a connective word in indirect speech.
- He said to me, “Are you going there?” ☓
- He asked me if I was going there. ✔
- He asked me that I was going there ✔
- “Are they ready or not?” she said to me. ☓
- She asked me whether they were ready. ✔
- She asked me that they were ready or not. ✔
Shortcut Rule 16 : No other conjunction should be used as a connective word, in indirect speech when the question indirect speech begins with “Why (or) How” question words.
- He asked me that who my best friend was. ☓
- He asked me who my best friend was. ✔
- He asked me that How I got time to write all posts in my Blog. ☓
- He asked me how I got time to write all posts in my Blog. ✔
Shortcut Rule 17 : No preposition is used after the verb “told”
- He told me that he passed the examination. ☓
- He told me that he had passed the examination. ✔
Shortcut Rule 18 : The question forms in direct speech should be changed to affirmative sentences in indirect speech.
- The receptionist asked me who do I want to meet in the office. ☓
- The receptionist asked me whom I wanted to meet in the office. ✔
Shortcut Rule 19 : The verb “Suggest” purpose in indirect speech should be followed by “that clause” with the auxiliary verb “should”
- He suggested me to go for a walk every morning. ☓
- He suggested to me that I should go for a walk every morning. ✔
Shortcut Rule 20 : In the absence of an indirect object after “suggest” a gerund form is used.
- He suggested going for a walk every morning. ✔
Shortcut Rule 21 : The verb “Tell” should be used with an object.
- He told that he had passed in the test. ☓
- He said that he had passed in the test (OR) ✔
- He told me that he had passed in the Test. ✔