The river system of India can be classified into four groups
- Himalayan rivers
- Deccan (Peninsular) rivers
- Coastal rivers and
- Rivers of inland water drainage.
- Most of the Indian rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal but some like Narmada, Tapti and Periyar flow into the Arabian Sea.
- Luni, Machhu, Rupen, Saraswati,Banas and Ghagghar are examples of rivers with inland water drainage, i.e. they do not empty into the ocean but get lost into the sand.
- 5 rivers of erstwhile Punjab are Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum and Chenab.
- The river also known as Dakshin Ganga is Godavari.
- The Brahmaputra is known as Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet and as Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh. The Brahmaputra river is known as Jomuna in Bangladesh.
- The river known as Singi Khamban (Lion’s mouth) in Tibet is River Indus.
- The river known as Bengalssorrow is River Damodar.
- Prayag or Allahabad is believed to be the confluence (sangam) of these rivers Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati.
- The Ganges is also known as the Bhagirathi since King Bhagirath was responsible for bringing it from the heavens to the earth. The Bhagirathi and the Alaknanda join at Devprayag to form the Ganga. The part of the River Ganga which flows into Bangladesh is known as Padma.
- The number of Indian rivers which have been classified as major rivers by the Government is twelve.
- There are three Trans-Himalayan rivers which originate in the high Tibetan Plateau and cut across the mighty Himalayan ranges. Indus, Brahmaputra, and Sutlej.
- The largest river flowing through the state of Rajasthan is the Chambal River.
Cities and Rivers
|Allahabad||confluence of Ganga and Yamuna|
Dams and Rivers
|Pong (Maharana Pratap Sagar)||Beas|
|Thein (Ranjit Sagar)||Ravi|