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Parallelism – English for Competitive Exams

In this post, we shall discuss about PARALLELISM. An important topic, which is helpful to you in solving English Language section in Competitive Exams especially Bank Exams. Now have a look at the following Points.

Item in a series must be parallel: I mean, they must have the same Grammatical form.

  • Nouns:

He Likes music, art, and science.

  • Gerunds:

He likes dancing, Swimming, and painting. (Verb + Ing Form)

  • Adjectives:

He is tall, cool, and handsome. (Adj)

They wanted to paint, the living room, to lay a new carpet, and to buy a new sofa. (Infin)

  • Past Tense:

The Romans conquered, colonized, and governed much of the world.

  • Past Perfect Tense:

He had finished the game, had taken a shower, and had eaten lunch by the time I went to his house.

Note: The auxiliary “had” may be omitted in the second and the third verb phrases.

The structure joined by and, but, as, or then, or although must have the same grammatical form.

  • And:

He enjoyed the music of spain  and  the sculpture of France (N PHRASE)

  • But:

That verb form is not active, but passive (Adj)

  • As:

Taking the bus can be as costly as taking a plane (V + Ing)

  • Or:

He wanted to borrow  a car or to rent one while his car was being repaired. (Infin)

  • Than:

Eating in a restaurant is more fun than cooking at home

  • Although:

Although he liked to eat good food, he did not like  to pay high prices for it. (Infin)

Now lets see some Examples:

☓ Her husband had bought a car, found a job, and choose a school for the children before she arrived.

✔ Her husband had bought a car, found a job, and chosen a school for the children before she arrived.

☓ That soup should not be served hot, but at a cold temperature.

✔ That soup should not be served hot, but cold.

☓ Renting and apartment can be as expensive as to buy a house.

✔ Renting an apartment can be as expensive as buying a house.

☓ He is young, intelligent, and has charm.

✔ He is young, intelligent, and charming.

☓ She likes to read, to travel and blogging.

✔ She likes to read, to travel, and to blog.

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