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Indian History-Indian National Movement | Freedom Movement in India


Freedom Movement Year
Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa to India 1915
Local struggles in the form of Peasant movements in Kheda (Gujarat), and workers’ movement in Ahmedabad occured 1916-1918
Rowlatt Satyagraha (March-April) – A significant movement under Gandhi’s leadership 1919
Jallianwala Bagh massacre (April) – The tragic side of British Power in India 1919
Rowlatt Satyagraha – Gandhiji called for a countrywide campaign against the Rowlatt Act. 1919
The Khilafat Movement – The movement of Indian Muslims, led by Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali 1919-1924
Non-cooperation Movement – Gandhi contemplated this non-violent movement against oppressive British rule in India 1921
Chauri Chaura (Gorakhpur district) killing; Mahatma Gandhi called off non-cooperation. 1922
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) was founded 1925
Simon Commission – The British government appointed a commission to formulate further constitutional reforms for India under Sir John Simon 1927
Bhagat Singh killed a senior British police officer in Lahore December, 1928
Beginning of Civil Disobedience Movement with Gandhi’s salt march to the sea at Dandi to oppose British taxes of salt (Also known as Dandi March) March-April, 1930
The First Round Table Conference was held in London November, 1930
Second Round Table Conference was held December, 1931
On 5th March 1931 the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed. 1931
Poona Pact between Gandhi and Ambedkar 1932
Government of India Act was passed 1935
All congress ministries resigned 1939
Quit India Movement (August) – Gandhi launched his third major movement against British rule. 1942
Cripps Mission was attempted by British government headed by Sir Stafford Cripps 1942
The great Bengal Famine was witnessed, which hit the Bengal province of pre-partition India causing the death of millions of people of starvation, malnutrition and disease 1943
India achieved its freedom from British rule. August, 1947


Questions & Answers

  • When was Indian National Congress formed? December 1885
  • Which English officer played an important role in the formation of Indian National Congress? O. Hume.
  • The partition of Bengal was announced by ______ in ______. Lord Curzon, 1905
  • In 1911 the India’s capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi for ______. Decreasing the importance of Calcutta
  • Who was the perpetrator of Jallianwala Bagh massacre on 13th of April 1919, at Jalianwalla Bagh in Amritsar (Pubjab). General Reginald Dyer
  • Ghadar Movement was founded in the city of San Francisco by ______ Sohan Singh Bhakna and Har Dayal
  • She was a Parsi girl, born in Bombay and brought out her own revolutionary journal in awareness of Indian struggle for independence in Europe and America. Madame Bhikaiji Cama
  • In India the Home rule movement was started by ______. Annie Besant (1847-1933) andBal Gangadhar Tilak (1844-1920)
  • Khilafat Movement (1919-1920), the movement of Indian Muslims was led by Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
  • Why did Gandhiji call off the Non-Cooperation movement? On the account of theviolence in Chauri-Chaura which caused the death of twenty-two policemen

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