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Indian History-History of Modern India

  • Guru Gobind Singh created ‘Khalsa’ on ______, at ______. 30th March 1699, Anandpur
  • Which was the first newspaper in India and when was it published? The Bengal Gazette, 1780
  • Who advocated the ‘drain of wealth’ theory? Dadabhai Naoroji
  • Who laid the foundation of railways in India? Lord Dalhousie
  • Which Act put an end to the monopoly of the East India Company over the India Trade? Charter Acts of 1813
  • English was introduced as medium of instruction in ______. 1835
  • First Indian railway train service from Bombay to Thane was started on ______. 16th April, 1853
  • British crown took over the Indian Government to end the rule of East India Company in the year ______. 1858
  • Rabindranath Tagore was born on ______. 7th May 1861
  • The date of Birth of M. K. Gandhi. is ______. 2nd October 1869
  • First war of Indian Independence, termed Sepoy Riots was attempted in ______. 1857
  • The first telegram line in India was started between ______. Agra and Calcutta.
  • Who introduced the Widow Remarriage Act? Lord Dalhousie
  • He was the first Viceroy of India and abolished The Doctrine of Lapse. Lord Cunning
  • Who introduced The Vernacular Press Act, to curb the freedom of Indian Press? Lord Lytton
  • Who was known as the father of Local Self Government? Lord Ripon
  • Which Viceroys of India had passed the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act and Indian University Act in 1904? Lord Curzon
  • Indian National Congress was formed in the year ______. 1885
  • The Minto Morley reforms also known as Indian Council Act was passed in ______ during the tenure of Lord Minto. 1909
  • The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on ______. 13th April 1919
  • Who passed the Government of India Act of 1919; popularly know as Montague Chelmsford reform? Lord Chelmsford
  • Which famous freedom movement was started in the year 1920? Non-Cooperation movement, (Asahayog Andolan)
  • Rowlatt Act, also called the Black Bill, was passed in ______. 1919
  • All India Muslim League was formed in the year ______. 1906
  • The event of first war of independence in India relates with which fact? Mangal Pandey killedtwo British sepoys at Barrackpore.
  • The Simon commission visited India in 1928 during the reign of ______. Lord Irwin
  • Civil Disobedience movement was started in India by ______. Mahatma Gandhi
  • Irwin pact was signed in ______. 1931
  • The First Round Table Conference was held at ______. London
  • In 1932 the Poona pact was signed between ______. B R Ambedker and Mahatma Gandhi
  • During the reign of which Viceroy of India elections were held for the first time in 11 Indian states? Lord Linlithgow
  • The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on ______. 9th December, 1946.
  • Who was the last British Governor General of independent India? Lord Mountbatten
  • Partition of Bengal was announced in 1905 by ______. Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.
  • Minto-Morley Reforms Act was introduced in the year ______. 1909
  • World War I started in ______. 1914
  • The Swaraj Party was founded by ______ in the year ______. Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das., 1923
  • Who was the founder of Brahmo Samaj? Raja Ram Mohan Roy
  • World War II started in ______. 1939
  • National Anthem was adopted by the constituent assembly on ______. 24th January 1950
  • ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was composed by ______. Rabindranath Tagore
  • Who was the first president of the Indian National congress? C. Bannerjee
  • Who became the first woman President of Indian National congress in 1917? Annie Besant
  • “Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it”. This was advocated by Lokmanya Tilak
  • The slogan “Inquilab Zindabad”, was raised by Bhagat Singh
  • What was the objective of Dandi March started by M. K. Gandhi? to break the salt law
  • Who was the political guru of M. K. Gandhi? Gopal Krishna Gokhale
  • Dandi March was started from where? Sabarmati Ashram
  • Which freedom fighter is known as ‘Desh Bandhu”? Chittranjan Das
  • Who was known as the Punjab Kesari (Lion of the Punjab)? Lala Lajpat Rai
  • Which European country started trade with India first? Portugal
  • The Portuguese reached the city of Calicut on the Malabar Coast of India on ______. May 18, 1498
  • Who was the first Portuguese governor in India and viceroy of the Portuguese State of India? Francisco de Almeida
  • Who was the second governor of Portuguese India? Alfonso de Albuquerque
  • Alfonso de Albuquerque cap­tured Goa from Bijapur in ______. 1510
  • When Vasco-da-Gama’s arrived at Calicut in 1498 he was greeted by which local ruler? The Hindu ruler of Calicut , Zamorin
  • Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese navigator who discovered the sea route to India, died on ______ at ______. 24, 1524, Cochin, India
  • The East India Company was founded in ______. 1600
  • The Dutch East India Company was founded in ______. 1602
  • The primary aim of The East India Company was to ______. To capture the spice trade by breaking the Portuguese monopoly in Asia
  • The first ambassador of the East India Company, who came to India and stayed in Jahangir’s court from 1609 to 1611 was ______. Captain Hawkins
  • Sir Thomas Roe, another British ambassador, reached Jahangir’s court in           1615
  • In 1662, King Charles II of England got the port cities of Tangier and Bombay from Portugal as dowry for marrying a Portuguese princess. What was her name? Catherine of Braganza
  • The East India Company, established their first factory at what today is known as Madras in the year ______. 1639
  • In 1619 Jahangir granted permission to East India Company to trade in his territories at ______. Surat (in Gujarat) & Hughli (in West Bengal)
  • The French East India Company was founded in ______. 1664
  • The prime objective of the formation of French East India was ______. To compete with the British and Dutch East India companies in colonial India.
  • Who succeeded Aurangzeb in 1707 after his death? Bahadur Shah I or Shah Alam
  • Who were popularly known as ‘Sayyed brothers of the Mughal Empire? Abdullah Khan and Hussain Ali Khan
  • By whom was the state of Hyderabad founded under the Mughals? Chin Kilich Khan
  • Who invaded India during the period of A.D. 1738–1739? He was the ruler of which country? Nadir Shah, Iran
  • The single most important power which came into view after the decline of Mughal dynasty was ______. The Marathas
  • Who was referred as Peshwa during the Maratha rule in India? Chief Minister
  • In Maratha Confederacy during the region of Shahu, name the Peshwa who held power between 1720 – 1740. Baji Rao I
  • In the context of the Marathas what did the terms Chauth and Sardeshmukhi mean? Tributes collected by the Marathas
  • The important Portuguese trade centres in the Western coast of India were ______. Goa, Bassin, Daman
  • Name the various ruling dynasties of the Marathas alliances. Bhonsles, Gaikwards, Holkars, Sindhias etc.
  • In which region the Bhonsles of Maratha dynasty rule? Nagpur
  • The widowed daughter-in-law of the Holkar ruler Malhar Rao was ______. Ahalya Bai
  • During Maratha rule who consolidated the power of the Holkars which resulted great prosperity of Maratha. Ahalya Bai
  • Under whose support the dance form- kathak evolved in the region of Lucknow? Nawabs of Awadh
  • The battle of Plassey was fought in ______. 1757
  • In battle of Plassey, which independent nawab of Bengal was defeated and killed by British forces? Sirajuddaulah
  • Who was the sultan of Mysore who faced the challenge of the British East India company? Tipu Sultan
  • The major colonial port cities, which replaced earlier commercial centres. Colonial cities like Bombay, Madras, Calcutta
  • The major social and widespread evils in 18th Century India were ______. Child marriage, Dowry, Polygamy, Sati etc.
  • What were the mediums of higher education till 18th Century? Sanskrit and Persian
  • Karnatak tradition of Indian classical music developed in the region of ______. Thanjavur
  • The original compositions of what is today known as the Karnatak tradition of Indian classical music came to be written by        Tyagaraja, Muttuswami Diksitar and Syma Sastri.
  • In the Battle of Plassey, in 1757 who was defeated by the East India Company? Siraj-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Bengal
  • In 1761 the third battle of Panipat was fought between ______. Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marathas
  • The diwani of Bengal was transferred to theEast India Company in the year ______. 1765
  • In 1857 the Last Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah II, was deposed by the British and sent away to ______. Rangoon, (present day Yangon, Myanmar)
  • In 1760 which battle resulted the end of French power in India? Battle of Wandiwash
  • Who were defeated in Battle of Buxar by the English in 1764? The joint army of Nawab Mir Quasim, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula and Shah Alam II
  • As a result of the Regulating Act (1773) who became the first Governor General of Bengal? Warren Hastings
  • Which Governor Generals of India is known as the father of Indian Civil Services Lord Cornwallis
  • Who introduced the system of the Permanent Settlement, also called the Permanent Settlement in Bengal for effective agricultural methods and productivity. Lord Cornwallis
  • Who adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance and established the Fort William College at Calcutta. Lord Wellesley
  • The social evil ‘Sati’ was prohibited in the year ______ by ______. 1829, Lord William Bentinck

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