In this post we shall discuss about Comparatives and Superlatives. First lets see what are these comparatives and superlatives and how to use them.
We use comparatives to compare two things or two people. (e.g He is shorter than his wife.).
Superlatives are used to compare more than two things or more than two people. (e.g . Mumbai is the biggest city in India).
Note: To form comparatives and superlatives you need to know the number of syllables in the adjective.Syllables are like “sound beats”.
“find” contains one syllable,
but “finding” contains two — find and ing.
Hope you have got the basic idea on Comparatives, Superlatives and Sillables. Now lets have a look at some rules to form Comparatives and superlatives.
- One syllable adjective ending in a silent ‘e’ — nice
- Comparative — add ‘r’ — nicer
- Superlative — add ‘st’ — nicest
- One syllable adjective ending in one vowel and one consonnant — big
- Comparative — the consonant is doubled and ‘er’ is added —bigger
- Superlative — the consonant is doubled and ‘est’ is added—biggest
- One syllable adjective ending in more than one consonant or more than a vowel —high, cheap
- Comparative — ‘er’ is added — higher, cheaper
- Superlative — ‘est is added — highest, cheapest
- A two syllable adjective ending in ‘y’ — happy
- Comparative — ‘y’ becomes ‘i’ and ‘er’ is added — happier
- Superlative — ‘y’ becomes ‘i’ and ‘est’ is added — happiest
- Tow syllable or more adjectives without ‘y’ at the end — exciting
- Comparative — more + the adjective + than — more exciting than
- Superlative — more + the adjective + than — the most exciting
- The Nile River is longer and more famous than the Thames.
- Egypt is much hotter than
- Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
- This is one of the most exciting films I have ever seen.
Here is a table of Irregular comparatives and superlatives
How to use comparatives and superlatives?
|Comparatives are used to compare two things or two people:
Alan is taller than John.
|Superlatives are used to compare more than two things or two people. Superlative sentences usually use ‘the’:
Alan is the most intelligent.
To express similarities use the following structure:
|… as + adjective + as …|
- Raghav is as intelligent as
- Aamir is as popular as